Retrieved 26 December Today, many large cities have gay and lesbian community centers. LGBT activists and sociologists see LGBT community-building as a counterbalance to heterosexismhomophobiabiphobiatransphobiasexualismand conformist pressures that exist in the larger society. The Greek lambda symbol "L" for liberationtriangles, ribbons, and gender symbols are also used as "gay acceptance" symbol. However, this only became possible as a result of a long process of building identities and consolidating LGBT communities, which only happened in Portugal in a superficial way.
In and of itself, the mere creation of formal, legal-political rights, such as freedom of association and freedom of speech, was not enough to foster the emergence of autonomous, lasting movements.
Indeed, the homophobia and heterosexism traditionally to be found in Portuguese society were in equal measure met head-on and silenced for the first time by an authoritative discourse conveyed in the fight against AIDS. Nevertheless, the first political manifestations of the Portuguese gay and lesbian movements could not but emerge in a clearly left-wing spectrum, although, for that very same reason, bearing intrinsic ambiguities, i. As companies are advertising more and more to the gay community, LGBT activists are using ad slogans to promote gay community views.
The thoughts presented here should be viewed as preliminary — and, therefore, subject to critical review — to further research, of necessity to be broadened and deepened, on the role and meaning of association-building in the history, culture and identity of the Portuguese LGBT community.