If you're a gay man and you've had unprotected sex, it's important that you have a test. Pregnancy and baby guide. Anal sex is a common practice among men who have sex with men, heterosexual men and women, and transgender individuals and is a known risk factor for HIV infection and transmission. Anyone can get HIV if they have unprotected sex, but gay men are one of the highest risk groups. How can I avoid getting HIV? Mucus in the rectum also helps reduce friction during anal intercourse.
Minimizing rectal inflammation through the use of lubricants lubes and management of STIs regular STI testing and, if needed, treatment for STIs may prevent increases in rectal fluid viral load.
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This happened at time when two-thirds of people living with HIV in the U. However, the extent of the reduction in transmission of HIV transmission, if any, is unclear and requires further research. Rectal fluid is the mucus that lines the rectum. We know that for HIV transmission to be possible, a fluid that contains HIV must come into contact with specific parts of the body that are vulnerable to HIV infection. Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews Online. Higher concentration of HIV RNA in rectal mucosa secretions than in blood and seminal plasma, among men who have sex with men, independent of antiretroviral therapy. You can't catch HIV by kissing someone.
In fact, it can be argued that HIV is a gay disease. Also, it is possible for people who have an undetectable viral load in the blood to sometimes have detectable although lowered levels of virus in their rectal fluid. They have served us well for years! To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Factors that cause inflammation in the rectum of a person with HIV may increase the viral load in the rectal fluid but not in the blood and subsequently increase the risk of HIV transmission to an HIV-negative insertive partner.