The proposal was to have been brought forward in Brazil's Legislature if it was approved by a constitutional committee, though no such change was made prior to the elections. The court said that the provision was "a deprivation of the equal liberty of persons that is protected by the Fifth Amendment. All legal Brazilian marriages were always recognized all over Brazil. This result reflects an increase in net government revenues increased income taxes due to marriage penalties more than offsetting decreased tax revenues arising from postponed estate taxes. Lewin that it was unconstitutional under the state constitution for the state to abridge marriage on the basis of sex. Archived from the original on 23 October
The vote to apply gender-neutral language to Iceland's definition of marriage passed unanimously in Parliament in June
Joshua Gunter, right, and Bryan Shields attend a Las Vegas rally to celebrate an appeals court ruling that overturned Nevada's same-sex marriage ban on October 7, The first Roman emperor to have married a man was Nerowho is reported to have married two other males on different occasions. New Scientist.
Same-sex relations are illegal on much of the continent and are punishable by death [PDF] in Mauritania and Sudan, as well as in parts of Nigeria and Somalia.