There is virtually no reliable evidence that sexual orientation can be changed and medical bodies warn that conversion therapy practices are ineffective and potentially harmful. In the late 19th century, psychiatrists and doctors began to label same-sex desire in medical terms—and looking for ways to reverse it. In the s and s, neurologist Walter Freeman popularized the ice-pick lobotomy to treat homosexuality. Medical groups like the Australian Medical Association and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians have slammed gay conversion therapy. Anna Freud recommended in to a journalist who was preparing an article about psychoanalysis for The Observer of London that she not quote Freud's letter to the American mother, on the grounds that "nowadays we can cure many more homosexuals than was thought possible in the beginning.
The bills were rejected andrespectively.
Gay Conversion Therapy's Disturbing 19th-Century Origins
Nevertheless, advocates and proponents do provide anecdotal reports of people who claim some degree of success in becoming heterosexual. Southern California Law Review. A follow-up study of nineteen cases", published inreported that half of its 19 subjects were exclusively heterosexual in behavior four and a half years after treatment, but its outcomes were based on patient self-report and had no external validation. Ms Baldock says Evangelical churches were quicker to realise that same-sex attracted individuals were unable to simply become heterosexual. In Octoberthe Ministry of Health issued a statement announcing that it considers conversion therapy to "create false impressions of scientific recognition even though there is no scientific evidence that it is at all successful. The Stonewall riot acquired symbolic significance for the gay rights movement and came to be seen as the opening of a new phase in the struggle for gay liberation. Retrieved 4 January
If this story brings up anything for you and you need to talk to someone, call Lifeline on 13 11 He asked me lots of questions but everything I tried to talk about he somehow led back to there being something wrong with me. Others theorized that homosexuality was a psychological disorder instead. Inthe German Government declared itself completely opposed to conversion therapy. Furthermore, there is no peer-reviewed empirical psychological research demonstrating that homosexuality or bisexuality constitutes a disorder.