Responses to questions about genital status, gender assigned at birth, and self-identification determined whether respondents were transgender women or men. As hypothesized, both enacted and felt stigma were positively associated with psychological distress. Skip to search form Skip to main content. Include them in same-gender groupings with people of their affirmed gender. I have gone through all the barriers and struggles and challenges. Finally, because passing as the opposite gender is thought to be easier for transgender men than women, 29 we expected transgender women to report higher levels of enacted stigma the negative effect of being visiblebut lower levels of felt stigma the positive effect of being visible, which creates greater opportunities for challenging perceived or anticipated negative evaluations by the majority culture.
We found few differences by gender identity.
Stigma, Mental Health, and Resilience in an Online Sample of the US Transgender Population
See our FAQ for additional information. Most participants completed the survey in 50 to 60 minutes. An annotated bibliography —]. Oliva said that although she now has a job, insurance and an apartment, she still worries every day about getting physically assaulted for being a transgender woman. Stigma and Sexual Orientation:
BocktingPhD, Michael H. Understanding Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality: Differences in age were detected by t tests for independent samples. As a result of stigma, transgender people may be treated with disrespect and harassment or physically harmed by family members, teachers, peers, and strangers. Swinburne Romine completed the final data analysis and prepared the tables. To examine whether these high rates of psychological distress were, at least in part, a reflection of gender dysphoria, we regressed the BSI GSI scores on our measure of gender dysphoria but found no significant association.