Reparations and state pensions available to other groups were refused to gay men, who were still classified as criminals — the version of Paragraph remained in force in West Germany until when the Bundestag voted to return to the pre version. However, extensive research on the topic was impeded by a continuation of Nazi policies on homosexuals in post-war East and West Germany and continued western notions of homophobia. In the midst of the burning, Joseph Goebbels gave a political speech to a crowd of around 40, people. Arising from the dominant discourse of the Jewish suffering during the years of Nazi domination, and building on the divergence of differential victimhoods brought to light by studies of the Roma and the mentally ill, who suffered massively under the eugenics programs of the Third Reichthe idea of a Gay Holocaust was first explored in the early s. Giles the SSand its leader Heinrich Himmlerwere particularly concerned about homosexuality. After solidifying his power, Hitler would include gay men among those sent to concentration camps during the Holocaust. There they could be subjected to hard labour and torture, or they were experimented upon or executed.
Other experiments included attempts to create immunization from typhus fever led by Erwin Ding-Schuler and castration.
Museum documents persecution of gays in Nazi Germany
Germany was having population issues with the number of killed men during the First World War. Berlin also had the most active LGBT rights movements in the world at the time. This page was last edited on 7 Septemberat Some gay men who resisted the SS had their fingernails pulled out. Significant numbers of gay men were arrested, of whom an estimated 50, received severe jail sentences in brutal conditions. There was also a fear among Nazis of a "gay gene" contamination. The harsh treatment can be attributed to the view of the SS guards toward gay men, as well as to the homophobic attitudes present in German society at large.
Erika Mann, Richard Plaut. Russell Sage Foundation, Jul 24, The inscription on the left side of the monument to the viewer's right from the angle depicted reads " Totgeschlagen — Totgeschwiegen " "Struck Dead — Hushed Up". More than one million gay Germans were targeted, of whom at leastwere arrested and 50, were serving prison terms as "convicted homosexuals". The Holocaust was the only time in history that an entire ethnic group the Jews were targeted for complete annihilation, regardless of their identification or place of residence. In the United States.